Designing and Implementing a Data Science Solution on Azure (beta) v1.0 (DP-100)

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Total 211 questions

Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You train and register a machine learning model.
You plan to deploy the model as a real-time web service. Applications must use key-based authentication to use the model.
You need to deploy the web service.
Solution:
Create an AciWebservice instance.
Set the value of the ssl_enabled property to True.
Deploy the model to the service.
Does the solution meet the goal?

  • A. Yes
  • B. No


Answer : B

Explanation:
Instead use only auth_enabled = TRUE
Note: Key-based authentication.
Web services deployed on AKS have key-based auth enabled by default. ACI-deployed services have key-based auth disabled by default, but you can enable it by setting auth_enabled = TRUE when creating the ACI web service. The following is an example of creating an ACI deployment configuration with key-based auth enabled. deployment_config <- aci_webservice_deployment_config(cpu_cores = 1, memory_gb = 1, auth_enabled = TRUE)
Reference:
https://azure.github.io/azureml-sdk-for-r/articles/deploying-models.html

Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You train and register a machine learning model.
You plan to deploy the model as a real-time web service. Applications must use key-based authentication to use the model.
You need to deploy the web service.
Solution:
Create an AksWebservice instance.
Set the value of the auth_enabled property to True.
Deploy the model to the service.
Does the solution meet the goal?

  • A. Yes
  • B. No


Answer : A

Explanation:
Key-based authentication.
Web services deployed on AKS have key-based auth enabled by default. ACI-deployed services have key-based auth disabled by default, but you can enable it by setting auth_enabled = TRUE when creating the ACI web service. The following is an example of creating an ACI deployment configuration with key-based auth enabled. deployment_config <- aci_webservice_deployment_config(cpu_cores = 1, memory_gb = 1, auth_enabled = TRUE)
Reference:
https://azure.github.io/azureml-sdk-for-r/articles/deploying-models.html

Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You train and register a machine learning model.
You plan to deploy the model as a real-time web service. Applications must use key-based authentication to use the model.
You need to deploy the web service.
Solution:
Create an AksWebservice instance.
Set the value of the auth_enabled property to False.
Set the value of the token_auth_enabled property to True.
Deploy the model to the service.
Does the solution meet the goal?

  • A. Yes
  • B. No


Answer : B

Explanation:
Instead use only auth_enabled = TRUE
Note: Key-based authentication.
Web services deployed on AKS have key-based auth enabled by default. ACI-deployed services have key-based auth disabled by default, but you can enable it by setting auth_enabled = TRUE when creating the ACI web service. The following is an example of creating an ACI deployment configuration with key-based auth enabled. deployment_config <- aci_webservice_deployment_config(cpu_cores = 1, memory_gb = 1, auth_enabled = TRUE)
Reference:
https://azure.github.io/azureml-sdk-for-r/articles/deploying-models.html

Prepare data for modeling -

Case study -

Overview -
You are a data scientist in a company that provides data science for professional sporting events. Models will use global and local market data to meet the following business goals:
Understand sentiment of mobile device users at sporting events based on audio from crowd reactions.
Assess a user"™s tendency to respond to an advertisement.
Customize styles of ads served on mobile devices.
Use video to detect penalty events

Current environment -
Media used for penalty event detection will be provided by consumer devices. Media may include images and videos captured during the sporting event and shared using social media. The images and videos will have varying sizes and formats.
The data available for model building comprises of seven years of sporting event media. The sporting event media includes; recorded video transcripts or radio commentary, and logs from related social media feeds captured during the sporting events.
Crowd sentiment will include audio recordings submitted by event attendees in both mono and stereo formats.

Penalty detection and sentiment -
Data scientists must build an intelligent solution by using multiple machine learning models for penalty event detection.
Data scientists must build notebooks in a local environment using automatic feature engineering and model building in machine learning pipelines.
Notebooks must be deployed to retrain by using Spark instances with dynamic worker allocation.
Notebooks must execute with the same code on new Spark instances to recode only the source of the data.
Global penalty detection models must be trained by using dynamic runtime graph computation during training.
Local penalty detection models must be written by using BrainScript.
Experiments for local crowd sentiment models must combine local penalty detection data.
Crowd sentiment models must identify known sounds such as cheers and known catch phrases. Individual crowd sentiment models will detect similar sounds.
All shared features for local models are continuous variables.
Shared features must use double precision. Subsequent layers must have aggregate running mean and standard deviation metrics available.

Advertisements -
During the initial weeks in production, the following was observed:
Ad response rated declined.


Drops were not consistent across ad styles.
The distribution of features across training and production data are not consistent
Analysis shows that, of the 100 numeric features on user location and behavior, the 47 features that come from location sources are being used as raw features. A suggested experiment to remedy the bias and variance issue is to engineer 10 linearly uncorrelated features.
Initial data discovery shows a wide range of densities of target states in training data used for crowd sentiment models.
All penalty detection models show inference phases using a Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) are running too slow.
Audio samples show that the length of a catch phrase varies between 25%-47% depending on region
The performance of the global penalty detection models shows lower variance but higher bias when comparing training and validation sets. Before implementing any feature changes, you must confirm the bias and variance using all training and validation cases.
Ad response models must be trained at the beginning of each event and applied during the sporting event.
Market segmentation models must optimize for similar ad response history.
Sampling must guarantee mutual and collective exclusively between local and global segmentation models that share the same features.
Local market segmentation models will be applied before determining a user"™s propensity to respond to an advertisement.
Ad response models must support non-linear boundaries of features.
The ad propensity model uses a cut threshold is 0.45 and retrains occur if weighted Kappa deviated from 0.1 +/- 5%.
The ad propensity model uses cost factors shown in the following diagram:

The ad propensity model uses proposed cost factors shown in the following diagram:


Performance curves of current and proposed cost factor scenarios are shown in the following diagram:


You need to implement a scaling strategy for the local penalty detection data.
Which normalization type should you use?

  • A. Streaming
  • B. Weight
  • C. Batch
  • D. Cosine


Answer : C

Explanation:
Post batch normalization statistics (PBN) is the Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit (CNTK) version of how to evaluate the population mean and variance of Batch
Normalization which could be used in inference Original Paper.
In CNTK, custom networks are defined using the BrainScriptNetworkBuilder and described in the CNTK network description language "BrainScript."
Scenario:
Local penalty detection models must be written by using BrainScript.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/cognitive-toolkit/post-batch-normalization-statistics

Case study -

Overview -
You are a data scientist in a company that provides data science for professional sporting events. Models will use global and local market data to meet the following business goals:
Understand sentiment of mobile device users at sporting events based on audio from crowd reactions.
Assess a user"™s tendency to respond to an advertisement.
Customize styles of ads served on mobile devices.
Use video to detect penalty events

Current environment -
Media used for penalty event detection will be provided by consumer devices. Media may include images and videos captured during the sporting event and shared using social media. The images and videos will have varying sizes and formats.
The data available for model building comprises of seven years of sporting event media. The sporting event media includes; recorded video transcripts or radio commentary, and logs from related social media feeds captured during the sporting events.
Crowd sentiment will include audio recordings submitted by event attendees in both mono and stereo formats.

Penalty detection and sentiment -
Data scientists must build an intelligent solution by using multiple machine learning models for penalty event detection.
Data scientists must build notebooks in a local environment using automatic feature engineering and model building in machine learning pipelines.
Notebooks must be deployed to retrain by using Spark instances with dynamic worker allocation.
Notebooks must execute with the same code on new Spark instances to recode only the source of the data.
Global penalty detection models must be trained by using dynamic runtime graph computation during training.
Local penalty detection models must be written by using BrainScript.
Experiments for local crowd sentiment models must combine local penalty detection data.
Crowd sentiment models must identify known sounds such as cheers and known catch phrases. Individual crowd sentiment models will detect similar sounds.
All shared features for local models are continuous variables.
Shared features must use double precision. Subsequent layers must have aggregate running mean and standard deviation metrics available.

Advertisements -
During the initial weeks in production, the following was observed:
Ad response rated declined.


Drops were not consistent across ad styles.
The distribution of features across training and production data are not consistent
Analysis shows that, of the 100 numeric features on user location and behavior, the 47 features that come from location sources are being used as raw features. A suggested experiment to remedy the bias and variance issue is to engineer 10 linearly uncorrelated features.
Initial data discovery shows a wide range of densities of target states in training data used for crowd sentiment models.
All penalty detection models show inference phases using a Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) are running too slow.
Audio samples show that the length of a catch phrase varies between 25%-47% depending on region
The performance of the global penalty detection models shows lower variance but higher bias when comparing training and validation sets. Before implementing any feature changes, you must confirm the bias and variance using all training and validation cases.
Ad response models must be trained at the beginning of each event and applied during the sporting event.
Market segmentation models must optimize for similar ad response history.
Sampling must guarantee mutual and collective exclusively between local and global segmentation models that share the same features.
Local market segmentation models will be applied before determining a user"™s propensity to respond to an advertisement.
Ad response models must support non-linear boundaries of features.
The ad propensity model uses a cut threshold is 0.45 and retrains occur if weighted Kappa deviated from 0.1 +/- 5%.
The ad propensity model uses cost factors shown in the following diagram:

The ad propensity model uses proposed cost factors shown in the following diagram:


Performance curves of current and proposed cost factor scenarios are shown in the following diagram:



HOTSPOT -
You need to use the Python language to build a sampling strategy for the global penalty detection models.
How should you complete the code segment? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:



Answer :

Explanation:
Box 1: import pytorch as deeplearninglib
Box 2: ..DistributedSampler(Sampler)..
DistributedSampler(Sampler):
Sampler that restricts data loading to a subset of the dataset.
It is especially useful in conjunction with class:`torch.nn.parallel.DistributedDataParallel`. In such case, each process can pass a DistributedSampler instance as a
DataLoader sampler, and load a subset of the original dataset that is exclusive to it.
Scenario: Sampling must guarantee mutual and collective exclusively between local and global segmentation models that share the same features.
Box 3: optimizer = deeplearninglib.train. GradientDescentOptimizer(learning_rate=0.10)
Incorrect Answers: ..SGD..
Scenario: All penalty detection models show inference phases using a Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) are running too slow.
Box 4: .. nn.parallel.DistributedDataParallel..
DistributedSampler(Sampler): The sampler that restricts data loading to a subset of the dataset.
It is especially useful in conjunction with :class:`torch.nn.parallel.DistributedDataParallel`.
References:
https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/blob/master/torch/utils/data/distributed.py

Prepare data for modeling -

Case study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next section of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question in this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an
All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
You are a data scientist for Fabrikam Residences, a company specializing in quality private and commercial property in the United States. Fabrikam Residences is considering expanding into Europe and has asked you to investigate prices for private residences in major European cities.
You use Azure Machine Learning Studio to measure the median value of properties. You produce a regression model to predict property prices by using the
Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules.

Datasets -
There are two datasets in CSV format that contain property details for two cities, London and Paris. You add both files to Azure Machine Learning Studio as separate datasets to the starting point for an experiment. Both datasets contain the following columns:


An initial investigation shows that the datasets are identical in structure apart from the MedianValue column. The smaller Paris dataset contains the MedianValue in text format, whereas the larger London dataset contains the MedianValue in numerical format.

Data issues -

Missing values -
The AccessibilityToHighway column in both datasets contains missing values. The missing data must be replaced with new data so that it is modeled conditionally using the other variables in the data before filling in the missing values.
Columns in each dataset contain missing and null values. The datasets also contain many outliers. The Age column has a high proportion of outliers. You need to remove the rows that have outliers in the Age column. The MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns both hold data in numeric format. You need to select a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the two columns in more detail.

Model fit -
The model shows signs of overfitting. You need to produce a more refined regression model that reduces the overfitting.

Experiment requirements -
You must set up the experiment to cross-validate the Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules to evaluate performance. In each case, the predictor of the dataset is the column named MedianValue. You must ensure that the datatype of the MedianValue column of the Paris dataset matches the structure of the London dataset.
You must prioritize the columns of data for predicting the outcome. You must use non-parametric statistics to measure relationships.
You must use a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns.

Model training -

Permutation Feature Importance -
Given a trained model and a test dataset, you must compute the Permutation Feature Importance scores of feature variables. You must be determined the absolute fit for the model.

Hyperparameters -
You must configure hyperparameters in the model learning process to speed the learning phase. In addition, this configuration should cancel the lowest performing runs at each evaluation interval, thereby directing effort and resources towards models that are more likely to be successful.
You are concerned that the model might not efficiently use compute resources in hyperparameter tuning. You also are concerned that the model might prevent an increase in the overall tuning time. Therefore, must implement an early stopping criterion on models that provides savings without terminating promising jobs.

Testing -
You must produce multiple partitions of a dataset based on sampling using the Partition and Sample module in Azure Machine Learning Studio.

Cross-validation -
You must create three equal partitions for cross-validation. You must also configure the cross-validation process so that the rows in the test and training datasets are divided evenly by properties that are near each city"™s main river. You must complete this task before the data goes through the sampling process.

Linear regression module -
When you train a Linear Regression module, you must determine the best features to use in a model. You can choose standard metrics provided to measure performance before and after the feature importance process completes. The distribution of features across multiple training models must be consistent.

Data visualization -
You need to provide the test results to the Fabrikam Residences team. You create data visualizations to aid in presenting the results.
You must produce a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve to conduct a diagnostic test evaluation of the model. You need to select appropriate methods for producing the ROC curve in Azure Machine Learning Studio to compare the Two-Class Decision Forest and the Two-Class Decision Jungle modules with one another.


HOTSPOT -
You need to replace the missing data in the AccessibilityToHighway columns.
How should you configure the Clean Missing Data module? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:



Answer :

Explanation:

Box 1: Replace using MICE -
Replace using MICE: For each missing value, this option assigns a new value, which is calculated by using a method described in the statistical literature as
"Multivariate Imputation using Chained Equations" or "Multiple Imputation by Chained Equations". With a multiple imputation method, each variable with missing data is modeled conditionally using the other variables in the data before filling in the missing values.
Scenario: The AccessibilityToHighway column in both datasets contains missing values. The missing data must be replaced with new data so that it is modeled conditionally using the other variables in the data before filling in the missing values.

Box 2: Propagate -
Cols with all missing values indicate if columns of all missing values should be preserved in the output.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/machine-learning/studio-module-reference/clean-missing-data

Case study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next section of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question in this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an
All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
You are a data scientist for Fabrikam Residences, a company specializing in quality private and commercial property in the United States. Fabrikam Residences is considering expanding into Europe and has asked you to investigate prices for private residences in major European cities.
You use Azure Machine Learning Studio to measure the median value of properties. You produce a regression model to predict property prices by using the
Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules.

Datasets -
There are two datasets in CSV format that contain property details for two cities, London and Paris. You add both files to Azure Machine Learning Studio as separate datasets to the starting point for an experiment. Both datasets contain the following columns:


An initial investigation shows that the datasets are identical in structure apart from the MedianValue column. The smaller Paris dataset contains the MedianValue in text format, whereas the larger London dataset contains the MedianValue in numerical format.

Data issues -

Missing values -
The AccessibilityToHighway column in both datasets contains missing values. The missing data must be replaced with new data so that it is modeled conditionally using the other variables in the data before filling in the missing values.
Columns in each dataset contain missing and null values. The datasets also contain many outliers. The Age column has a high proportion of outliers. You need to remove the rows that have outliers in the Age column. The MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns both hold data in numeric format. You need to select a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the two columns in more detail.

Model fit -
The model shows signs of overfitting. You need to produce a more refined regression model that reduces the overfitting.

Experiment requirements -
You must set up the experiment to cross-validate the Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules to evaluate performance. In each case, the predictor of the dataset is the column named MedianValue. You must ensure that the datatype of the MedianValue column of the Paris dataset matches the structure of the London dataset.
You must prioritize the columns of data for predicting the outcome. You must use non-parametric statistics to measure relationships.
You must use a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns.

Model training -

Permutation Feature Importance -
Given a trained model and a test dataset, you must compute the Permutation Feature Importance scores of feature variables. You must be determined the absolute fit for the model.

Hyperparameters -
You must configure hyperparameters in the model learning process to speed the learning phase. In addition, this configuration should cancel the lowest performing runs at each evaluation interval, thereby directing effort and resources towards models that are more likely to be successful.
You are concerned that the model might not efficiently use compute resources in hyperparameter tuning. You also are concerned that the model might prevent an increase in the overall tuning time. Therefore, must implement an early stopping criterion on models that provides savings without terminating promising jobs.

Testing -
You must produce multiple partitions of a dataset based on sampling using the Partition and Sample module in Azure Machine Learning Studio.

Cross-validation -
You must create three equal partitions for cross-validation. You must also configure the cross-validation process so that the rows in the test and training datasets are divided evenly by properties that are near each city"™s main river. You must complete this task before the data goes through the sampling process.

Linear regression module -
When you train a Linear Regression module, you must determine the best features to use in a model. You can choose standard metrics provided to measure performance before and after the feature importance process completes. The distribution of features across multiple training models must be consistent.

Data visualization -
You need to provide the test results to the Fabrikam Residences team. You create data visualizations to aid in presenting the results.
You must produce a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve to conduct a diagnostic test evaluation of the model. You need to select appropriate methods for producing the ROC curve in Azure Machine Learning Studio to compare the Two-Class Decision Forest and the Two-Class Decision Jungle modules with one another.


DRAG DROP -
You need to produce a visualization for the diagnostic test evaluation according to the data visualization requirements.
Which three modules should you recommend be used in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate modules from the list of modules to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.
Select and Place:



Answer :

Explanation:

Step 1: Sweep Clustering -
Start by using the "Tune Model Hyperparameters" module to select the best sets of parameters for each of the models we're considering.
One of the interesting things about the "Tune Model Hyperparameters" module is that it not only outputs the results from the Tuning, it also outputs the Trained
Model.

Step 2: Train Model -

Step 3: Evaluate Model -
Scenario: You need to provide the test results to the Fabrikam Residences team. You create data visualizations to aid in presenting the results.
You must produce a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve to conduct a diagnostic test evaluation of the model. You need to select appropriate methods for producing the ROC curve in Azure Machine Learning Studio to compare the Two-Class Decision Forest and the Two-Class Decision Jungle modules with one another.
References:
http://breaking-bi.blogspot.com/2017/01/azure-machine-learning-model-evaluation.html

Case study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next section of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question in this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an
All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
You are a data scientist for Fabrikam Residences, a company specializing in quality private and commercial property in the United States. Fabrikam Residences is considering expanding into Europe and has asked you to investigate prices for private residences in major European cities.
You use Azure Machine Learning Studio to measure the median value of properties. You produce a regression model to predict property prices by using the
Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules.

Datasets -
There are two datasets in CSV format that contain property details for two cities, London and Paris. You add both files to Azure Machine Learning Studio as separate datasets to the starting point for an experiment. Both datasets contain the following columns:


An initial investigation shows that the datasets are identical in structure apart from the MedianValue column. The smaller Paris dataset contains the MedianValue in text format, whereas the larger London dataset contains the MedianValue in numerical format.

Data issues -

Missing values -
The AccessibilityToHighway column in both datasets contains missing values. The missing data must be replaced with new data so that it is modeled conditionally using the other variables in the data before filling in the missing values.
Columns in each dataset contain missing and null values. The datasets also contain many outliers. The Age column has a high proportion of outliers. You need to remove the rows that have outliers in the Age column. The MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns both hold data in numeric format. You need to select a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the two columns in more detail.

Model fit -
The model shows signs of overfitting. You need to produce a more refined regression model that reduces the overfitting.

Experiment requirements -
You must set up the experiment to cross-validate the Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules to evaluate performance. In each case, the predictor of the dataset is the column named MedianValue. You must ensure that the datatype of the MedianValue column of the Paris dataset matches the structure of the London dataset.
You must prioritize the columns of data for predicting the outcome. You must use non-parametric statistics to measure relationships.
You must use a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns.

Model training -

Permutation Feature Importance -
Given a trained model and a test dataset, you must compute the Permutation Feature Importance scores of feature variables. You must be determined the absolute fit for the model.

Hyperparameters -
You must configure hyperparameters in the model learning process to speed the learning phase. In addition, this configuration should cancel the lowest performing runs at each evaluation interval, thereby directing effort and resources towards models that are more likely to be successful.
You are concerned that the model might not efficiently use compute resources in hyperparameter tuning. You also are concerned that the model might prevent an increase in the overall tuning time. Therefore, must implement an early stopping criterion on models that provides savings without terminating promising jobs.

Testing -
You must produce multiple partitions of a dataset based on sampling using the Partition and Sample module in Azure Machine Learning Studio.

Cross-validation -
You must create three equal partitions for cross-validation. You must also configure the cross-validation process so that the rows in the test and training datasets are divided evenly by properties that are near each city"™s main river. You must complete this task before the data goes through the sampling process.

Linear regression module -
When you train a Linear Regression module, you must determine the best features to use in a model. You can choose standard metrics provided to measure performance before and after the feature importance process completes. The distribution of features across multiple training models must be consistent.

Data visualization -
You need to provide the test results to the Fabrikam Residences team. You create data visualizations to aid in presenting the results.
You must produce a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve to conduct a diagnostic test evaluation of the model. You need to select appropriate methods for producing the ROC curve in Azure Machine Learning Studio to compare the Two-Class Decision Forest and the Two-Class Decision Jungle modules with one another.

You need to visually identify whether outliers exist in the Age column and quantify the outliers before the outliers are removed.
Which three Azure Machine Learning Studio modules should you use? Each correct answer presents part of the solution.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

  • A. Create Scatterplot
  • B. Summarize Data
  • C. Clip Values
  • D. Replace Discrete Values
  • E. Build Counting Transform


Answer : ABC

Explanation:
B: To have a global view, the summarize data module can be used. Add the module and connect it to the data set that needs to be visualized.
A: One way to quickly identify Outliers visually is to create scatter plots.
C: The easiest way to treat the outliers in Azure ML is to use the Clip Values module. It can identify and optionally replace data values that are above or below a specified threshold.
You can use the Clip Values module in Azure Machine Learning Studio, to identify and optionally replace data values that are above or below a specified threshold. This is useful when you want to remove outliers or replace them with a mean, a constant, or other substitute value.
References:
https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/azuredev/2017/05/27/data-cleansing-tools-in-azure-machine-learning/ https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/machine-learning/studio-module-reference/clip-values

Case study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next section of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question in this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an
All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
You are a data scientist for Fabrikam Residences, a company specializing in quality private and commercial property in the United States. Fabrikam Residences is considering expanding into Europe and has asked you to investigate prices for private residences in major European cities.
You use Azure Machine Learning Studio to measure the median value of properties. You produce a regression model to predict property prices by using the
Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules.

Datasets -
There are two datasets in CSV format that contain property details for two cities, London and Paris. You add both files to Azure Machine Learning Studio as separate datasets to the starting point for an experiment. Both datasets contain the following columns:


An initial investigation shows that the datasets are identical in structure apart from the MedianValue column. The smaller Paris dataset contains the MedianValue in text format, whereas the larger London dataset contains the MedianValue in numerical format.

Data issues -

Missing values -
The AccessibilityToHighway column in both datasets contains missing values. The missing data must be replaced with new data so that it is modeled conditionally using the other variables in the data before filling in the missing values.
Columns in each dataset contain missing and null values. The datasets also contain many outliers. The Age column has a high proportion of outliers. You need to remove the rows that have outliers in the Age column. The MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns both hold data in numeric format. You need to select a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the two columns in more detail.

Model fit -
The model shows signs of overfitting. You need to produce a more refined regression model that reduces the overfitting.

Experiment requirements -
You must set up the experiment to cross-validate the Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules to evaluate performance. In each case, the predictor of the dataset is the column named MedianValue. You must ensure that the datatype of the MedianValue column of the Paris dataset matches the structure of the London dataset.
You must prioritize the columns of data for predicting the outcome. You must use non-parametric statistics to measure relationships.
You must use a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns.

Model training -

Permutation Feature Importance -
Given a trained model and a test dataset, you must compute the Permutation Feature Importance scores of feature variables. You must be determined the absolute fit for the model.

Hyperparameters -
You must configure hyperparameters in the model learning process to speed the learning phase. In addition, this configuration should cancel the lowest performing runs at each evaluation interval, thereby directing effort and resources towards models that are more likely to be successful.
You are concerned that the model might not efficiently use compute resources in hyperparameter tuning. You also are concerned that the model might prevent an increase in the overall tuning time. Therefore, must implement an early stopping criterion on models that provides savings without terminating promising jobs.

Testing -
You must produce multiple partitions of a dataset based on sampling using the Partition and Sample module in Azure Machine Learning Studio.

Cross-validation -
You must create three equal partitions for cross-validation. You must also configure the cross-validation process so that the rows in the test and training datasets are divided evenly by properties that are near each city"™s main river. You must complete this task before the data goes through the sampling process.

Linear regression module -
When you train a Linear Regression module, you must determine the best features to use in a model. You can choose standard metrics provided to measure performance before and after the feature importance process completes. The distribution of features across multiple training models must be consistent.

Data visualization -
You need to provide the test results to the Fabrikam Residences team. You create data visualizations to aid in presenting the results.
You must produce a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve to conduct a diagnostic test evaluation of the model. You need to select appropriate methods for producing the ROC curve in Azure Machine Learning Studio to compare the Two-Class Decision Forest and the Two-Class Decision Jungle modules with one another.


HOTSPOT -
You need to identify the methods for dividing the data according to the testing requirements.
Which properties should you select? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:



Answer :

Explanation:

Scenario: Testing -
You must produce multiple partitions of a dataset based on sampling using the Partition and Sample module in Azure Machine Learning Studio.

Box 1: Assign to folds -
Use Assign to folds option when you want to divide the dataset into subsets of the data. This option is also useful when you want to create a custom number of folds for cross-validation, or to split rows into several groups.
Not Head: Use Head mode to get only the first n rows. This option is useful if you want to test a pipeline on a small number of rows, and don't need the data to be balanced or sampled in any way.
Not Sampling: The Sampling option supports simple random sampling or stratified random sampling. This is useful if you want to create a smaller representative sample dataset for testing.

Box 2: Partition evenly -
Specify the partitioner method: Indicate how you want data to be apportioned to each partition, using these options:
✑ Partition evenly: Use this option to place an equal number of rows in each partition. To specify the number of output partitions, type a whole number in the
Specify number of folds to split evenly into text box.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/machine-learning/algorithm-module-reference/partition-and-sample

Case study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next section of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question in this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an
All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
You are a data scientist for Fabrikam Residences, a company specializing in quality private and commercial property in the United States. Fabrikam Residences is considering expanding into Europe and has asked you to investigate prices for private residences in major European cities.
You use Azure Machine Learning Studio to measure the median value of properties. You produce a regression model to predict property prices by using the
Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules.

Datasets -
There are two datasets in CSV format that contain property details for two cities, London and Paris. You add both files to Azure Machine Learning Studio as separate datasets to the starting point for an experiment. Both datasets contain the following columns:


An initial investigation shows that the datasets are identical in structure apart from the MedianValue column. The smaller Paris dataset contains the MedianValue in text format, whereas the larger London dataset contains the MedianValue in numerical format.

Data issues -

Missing values -
The AccessibilityToHighway column in both datasets contains missing values. The missing data must be replaced with new data so that it is modeled conditionally using the other variables in the data before filling in the missing values.
Columns in each dataset contain missing and null values. The datasets also contain many outliers. The Age column has a high proportion of outliers. You need to remove the rows that have outliers in the Age column. The MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns both hold data in numeric format. You need to select a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the two columns in more detail.

Model fit -
The model shows signs of overfitting. You need to produce a more refined regression model that reduces the overfitting.

Experiment requirements -
You must set up the experiment to cross-validate the Linear Regression and Bayesian Linear Regression modules to evaluate performance. In each case, the predictor of the dataset is the column named MedianValue. You must ensure that the datatype of the MedianValue column of the Paris dataset matches the structure of the London dataset.
You must prioritize the columns of data for predicting the outcome. You must use non-parametric statistics to measure relationships.
You must use a feature selection algorithm to analyze the relationship between the MedianValue and AvgRoomsInHouse columns.

Model training -

Permutation Feature Importance -
Given a trained model and a test dataset, you must compute the Permutation Feature Importance scores of feature variables. You must be determined the absolute fit for the model.

Hyperparameters -
You must configure hyperparameters in the model learning process to speed the learning phase. In addition, this configuration should cancel the lowest performing runs at each evaluation interval, thereby directing effort and resources towards models that are more likely to be successful.
You are concerned that the model might not efficiently use compute resources in hyperparameter tuning. You also are concerned that the model might prevent an increase in the overall tuning time. Therefore, must implement an early stopping criterion on models that provides savings without terminating promising jobs.

Testing -
You must produce multiple partitions of a dataset based on sampling using the Partition and Sample module in Azure Machine Learning Studio.

Cross-validation -
You must create three equal partitions for cross-validation. You must also configure the cross-validation process so that the rows in the test and training datasets are divided evenly by properties that are near each city"™s main river. You must complete this task before the data goes through the sampling process.

Linear regression module -
When you train a Linear Regression module, you must determine the best features to use in a model. You can choose standard metrics provided to measure performance before and after the feature importance process completes. The distribution of features across multiple training models must be consistent.

Data visualization -
You need to provide the test results to the Fabrikam Residences team. You create data visualizations to aid in presenting the results.
You must produce a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve to conduct a diagnostic test evaluation of the model. You need to select appropriate methods for producing the ROC curve in Azure Machine Learning Studio to compare the Two-Class Decision Forest and the Two-Class Decision Jungle modules with one another.


HOTSPOT -
You need to configure the Edit Metadata module so that the structure of the datasets match.
Which configuration options should you select? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:



Answer :

Explanation:

Box 1: Floating point -
Need floating point for Median values.
Scenario: An initial investigation shows that the datasets are identical in structure apart from the MedianValue column. The smaller Paris dataset contains the
MedianValue in text format, whereas the larger London dataset contains the MedianValue in numerical format.

Box 2: Unchanged -
Note: Select the Categorical option to specify that the values in the selected columns should be treated as categories.
For example, you might have a column that contains the numbers 0,1 and 2, but know that the numbers actually mean "Smoker", "Non smoker" and "Unknown". In that case, by flagging the column as categorical you can ensure that the values are not used in numeric calculations, only to group data.

Prepare data for modeling -

HOTSPOT -
You create an experiment in Azure Machine Learning Studio. You add a training dataset that contains 10,000 rows. The first 9,000 rows represent class 0 (90 percent).
The remaining 1,000 rows represent class 1 (10 percent).
The training set is imbalances between two classes. You must increase the number of training examples for class 1 to 4,000 by using 5 data rows. You add the
Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE) module to the experiment.
You need to configure the module.
Which values should you use? To answer, select the appropriate options in the dialog box in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:




Answer :

Explanation:

Box 1: 300 -
You type 300 (%), the module triples the percentage of minority cases (3000) compared to the original dataset (1000).

Box 2: 5 -
We should use 5 data rows.
Use the Number of nearest neighbors option to determine the size of the feature space that the SMOTE algorithm uses when in building new cases. A nearest neighbor is a row of data (a case) that is very similar to some target case. The distance between any two cases is measured by combining the weighted vectors of all features.
By increasing the number of nearest neighbors, you get features from more cases.
By keeping the number of nearest neighbors low, you use features that are more like those in the original sample.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/machine-learning/studio-module-reference/smote

You are solving a classification task.
You must evaluate your model on a limited data sample by using k-fold cross-validation. You start by configuring a k parameter as the number of splits.
You need to configure the k parameter for the cross-validation.
Which value should you use?

  • A. k=0.5
  • B. k=0.01
  • C. k=5
  • D. k=1


Answer : C

Explanation:
Leave One Out (LOO) cross-validation
Setting K = n (the number of observations) yields n-fold and is called leave-one out cross-validation (LOO), a special case of the K-fold approach.
LOO CV is sometimes useful but typically doesn"™t shake up the data enough. The estimates from each fold are highly correlated and hence their average can have high variance.
This is why the usual choice is K=5 or 10. It provides a good compromise for the bias-variance tradeoff.

You use Azure Machine Learning Studio to build a machine learning experiment.
You need to divide data into two distinct datasets.
Which module should you use?

  • A. Assign Data to Clusters
  • B. Load Trained Model
  • C. Partition and Sample
  • D. Tune Model-Hyperparameters


Answer : C

Explanation:
Partition and Sample with the Stratified split option outputs multiple datasets, partitioned using the rules you specified.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/machine-learning/studio-module-reference/partition-and-sample

DRAG DROP -
You are creating an experiment by using Azure Machine Learning Studio.
You must divide the data into four subsets for evaluation. There is a high degree of missing values in the data. You must prepare the data for analysis.
You need to select appropriate methods for producing the experiment.
Which three modules should you run in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of actions to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.
NOTE: More than one order of answer choices is correct. You will receive credit for any of the correct orders you select.
Select and Place:




Answer :

Explanation:
The Clean Missing Data module in Azure Machine Learning Studio, to remove, replace, or infer missing values.
Incorrect Answers:
✑ Latent Direchlet Transformation: Latent Dirichlet Allocation module in Azure Machine Learning Studio, to group otherwise unclassified text into a number of categories. Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) is often used in natural language processing (NLP) to find texts that are similar. Another common term is topic modeling.
✑ Build Counting Transform: Build Counting Transform module in Azure Machine Learning Studio, to analyze training data. From this data, the module builds a count table as well as a set of count-based features that can be used in a predictive model.
✑ Missing Value Scrubber: The Missing Values Scrubber module is deprecated.
✑ Feature hashing: Feature hashing is used for linguistics, and works by converting unique tokens into integers.
✑ Replace discrete values: the Replace Discrete Values module in Azure Machine Learning Studio is used to generate a probability score that can be used to represent a discrete value. This score can be useful for understanding the information value of the discrete values.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/machine-learning/studio-module-reference/clean-missing-data

HOTSPOT -
You are retrieving data from a large datastore by using Azure Machine Learning Studio.
You must create a subset of the data for testing purposes using a random sampling seed based on the system clock.
You add the Partition and Sample module to your experiment.
You need to select the properties for the module.
Which values should you select? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:




Answer :

Explanation:

Box 1: Sampling -

Create a sample of data -
This option supports simple random sampling or stratified random sampling. This is useful if you want to create a smaller representative sample dataset for testing.
1. Add the Partition and Sample module to your experiment in Studio, and connect the dataset.
2. Partition or sample mode: Set this to Sampling.
3. Rate of sampling. See box 2 below.

Box 2: 0 -
3. Rate of sampling. Random seed for sampling: Optionally, type an integer to use as a seed value.
This option is important if you want the rows to be divided the same way every time. The default value is 0, meaning that a starting seed is generated based on the system clock. This can lead to slightly different results each time you run the experiment.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/machine-learning/studio-module-reference/partition-and-sample

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