Microsoft Azure Security Technologies v1.0 (AZ-500)

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Total 97 questions

Case Study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other question on this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next sections of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question on this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
Contoso, Ltd. is a consulting company that has a main office in Montreal and two branch offices in Seattle and New York.
The company hosts its entire server infrastructure in Azure.
Contoso has two Azure subscriptions named Sub1 and Sub2. Both subscriptions are associated to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.

Existing Environment -

Azure AD -
Contoso.com contains the users shown in the following table.


Contoso.com contains the security groups shown in the following table.


Sub1 -
Sub1 contains six resource groups named RG1, RG2, RG3, RG4, RG5, and RG6.
User9 creates the virtual networks shown in the following table.

Sub1 contains the locks shown in the following table.

Sub1 contains the Azure policies shown in the following table.


Sub2 -
Sub2 contains the virtual networks shown in the following table.

Sub2 contains the virtual machines shown in the following table.

All virtual machines have public IP addresses and the Web Server (IIS) role installed. The firewalls for each virtual machine allow ping requests and web requests.
Sub2 contains the network security groups (NSGs) shown in the following table.

NSG1 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

NSG2 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

NSG3 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

NSG4 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

NSG1, NSG2, NSG3, and NSG4 have the outbound security rules shown in the following table.


Technical requirements -
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:
Deploy Azure Firewall to VNetwork1 in Sub2.
Register an application named App2 in contoso.com.
Whenever possible, use the principle of least privilege.
Enable Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM) for contoso.com.


HOTSPOT -
You assign User8 the Owner role for RG4, RG5, and RG6.
In which resource groups can User8 create virtual networks and NSGs? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:



Answer :

Explanation:

Box 1: RG4 only -
The policy does not allow the creation of virtual networks in RG5 or RG6.
Box 2: The policy does not allow the creation of NSGs in RG5.


References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/governance/policy/overview

Case Study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other question on this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next sections of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question on this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
Contoso, Ltd. is a consulting company that has a main office in Montreal and two branch offices in Seattle and New York.
The company hosts its entire server infrastructure in Azure.
Contoso has two Azure subscriptions named Sub1 and Sub2. Both subscriptions are associated to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.

Existing Environment -

Azure AD -
Contoso.com contains the users shown in the following table.


Contoso.com contains the security groups shown in the following table.


Sub1 -
Sub1 contains six resource groups named RG1, RG2, RG3, RG4, RG5, and RG6.
User9 creates the virtual networks shown in the following table.

Sub1 contains the locks shown in the following table.

Sub1 contains the Azure policies shown in the following table.


Sub2 -
Sub2 contains the virtual networks shown in the following table.

Sub2 contains the virtual machines shown in the following table.

All virtual machines have public IP addresses and the Web Server (IIS) role installed. The firewalls for each virtual machine allow ping requests and web requests.
Sub2 contains the network security groups (NSGs) shown in the following table.

NSG1 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

NSG2 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

NSG3 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

NSG4 has the inbound security rules shown in the following table.

NSG1, NSG2, NSG3, and NSG4 have the outbound security rules shown in the following table.


Technical requirements -
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:
Deploy Azure Firewall to VNetwork1 in Sub2.
Register an application named App2 in contoso.com.
Whenever possible, use the principle of least privilege.
Enable Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM) for contoso.com.


HOTSPOT -
Which virtual networks in Sub1 can User2 modify and delete in their current state? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:



Answer :

Explanation:

Box 1: VNET4 and VNET1 only -
RG1 has only Delete lock, while there are no locks on RG4.
RG2 and RG3 both have Read-only locks.

Box 2: VNET4 only -
There are no locks on RG4, while the other resource groups have either Delete or Read-only locks.
Note: As an administrator, you may need to lock a subscription, resource group, or resource to prevent other users in your organization from accidentally deleting or modifying critical resources. You can set the lock level to CanNotDelete or ReadOnly. In the portal, the locks are called Delete and Read-only respectively.
-> CanNotDelete means authorized users can still read and modify a resource, but they can't delete the resource.
-> ReadOnly means authorized users can read a resource, but they can't delete or update the resource. Applying this lock is similar to restricting all authorized users to the permissions granted by the Reader role.
Scenario:
User2 is a Security administrator.
Sub1 contains six resource groups named RG1, RG2, RG3, RG4, RG5, and RG6.
User2 creates the virtual networks shown in the following table.



Sub1 contains the locks shown in the following table.

References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-resource-manager/resource-group-lock-resources

This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other question on this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next sections of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question on this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an
All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
Litware, Inc. is a digital media company that has 500 employees in the Chicago area and 20 employees in the San Francisco area.

Existing Environment -
Litware has an Azure subscription named Sub1 that has a subscription ID of 43894a43-17c2-4a39-8cfc-3540c2653ef4.
Sub1 is associated to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named litwareinc.com. The tenant contains the user objects and the device objects of all the
Litware employees and their devices. Each user is assigned an Azure AD Premium P2 license. Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM) is activated.
The tenant contains the groups shown in the following table.


The Azure subscription contains the objects shown in the following table.

Azure Security Center is set to the Free tier.

Planned changes -
Litware plans to deploy the Azure resources shown in the following table.

Identity and Access Requirements
Litware identifies the following identity and access requirements:
All San Francisco users and their devices must be members of Group1.
The members of Group2 must be assigned the Contributor role to Resource Group2 by using a permanent eligible assignment.
Users must be prevented from registering applications in Azure AD and from consenting to applications that access company information on the users’ behalf.
Platform Protection Requirements
Litware identifies the following platform protection requirements:
Microsoft Antimalware must be installed on the virtual machines in Resource Group1.
The members of Group2 must be assigned the Azure Kubernetes Service Cluster Admin Role.
Azure AD users must be to authenticate to AKS1 by using their Azure AD credentials.
Following the implementation of the planned changes, the IT team must be able to connect to VM0 by using JIT VM access.
A new custom RBAC role named Role1 must be used to delegate the administration of the managed disks in Resource Group1. Role1 must be available only for Resource Group1.
Security Operations Requirements
Litware must be able to customize the operating system security configurations in Azure Security Center.
Data and Application Requirements
Litware identifies the following data and applications requirements:
The users in Group2 must be able to authenticate to SQLDB1 by using their Azure AD credentials.
WebApp1 must enforce mutual authentication.

General Requirements -
Litware identifies the following general requirements:
Whenever possible, administrative effort must be minimized.
Whenever possible, use of automation must be minimized.


You need to ensure that you can meet the security operations requirements.
What should you do first?

  • A. Turn on Auto Provisioning in Security Center.
  • B. Integrate Security Center and Microsoft Cloud App Security.
  • C. Upgrade the pricing tier of Security Center to Standard.
  • D. Modify the Security Center workspace configuration.


Answer : C

Explanation:
The Standard tier extends the capabilities of the Free tier to workloads running in private and other public clouds, providing unified security management and threat protection across your hybrid cloud workloads. The Standard tier also adds advanced threat detection capabilities, which uses built-in behavioral analytics and machine learning to identify attacks and zero-day exploits, access and application controls to reduce exposure to network attacks and malware, and more.
Scenario: Security Operations Requirements
Litware must be able to customize the operating system security configurations in Azure Security Center.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-pricing

HOTSPOT -
You plan to use Azure Monitor Logs to collect logs from 200 servers that run Windows Server 2016.
You need to automate the deployment of the Log Analytics Agent to all the servers by using an Azure Resource Manager template.
How should you complete the template? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:




Answer :

References:
https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/manageabilityguys/2015/11/19/enabling-the-microsoft-monitoring-agent-in-windows-json-templates/

You have an Azure subscription named Sub1 that is associated to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named contoso.com.
You are assigned the Global administrator role for the tenant. You are responsible for managing Azure Security Center settings.
You need to create a custom sensitivity label.
What should you do?

  • A. Create a custom sensitive information type.
  • B. Elevate access for global administrators in Azure AD.
  • C. Change Azure Security Center to use Standard-tier-pricing.
  • D. Enable integration with Microsoft Cloud App Security.


Answer : A

Explanation:
First, you need to create a new sensitive information type because you can't directly modify the default rules.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/office365/securitycompliance/customize-a-built-in-sensitive-information-type

HOTSPOT -
You suspect that users are attempting to sign in to resources to which they have no access.
You need to create an Azure Log Analytics query to identify failed user sign-in attempts from the last three days. The results must only show users who had more than five failed sign-in attempts.
How should you configure the query? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:




Answer :

Explanation:
The following example identifies user accounts that failed to log in more than five times in the last day, and when they last attempted to log in. let timeframe = 1d;

SecurityEvent -
| where TimeGenerated > ago(1d)
| where AccountType == 'User' and EventID == 4625 // 4625 - failed log in
| summarize failed_login_attempts=count(), latest_failed_login=arg_max(TimeGenerated, Account) by Account
| where failed_login_attempts > 5
| project-away Account1
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/log-query/examples

You have an Azure subscription named Sub1.
In Azure Security Center, you have a security playbook named Play1. Play1 is configured to send an email message to a user named User1.
You need to modify Play1 to send email messages to a distribution group named Alerts.
What should you use to modify Play1?

  • A. Azure DevOps
  • B. Azure Application Insights
  • C. Azure Monitor
  • D. Azure Logic Apps Designer


Answer : D

Explanation:
You can change an existing playbook in Security Center to add an action, or conditions. To do that you just need to click on the name of the playbook that you want to change, in the Playbooks tab, and Logic App Designer opens up.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-playbooks

You create a new Azure subscription.
You need to ensure that you can create custom alert rules in Azure Security Center.
Which two actions should you perform? Each correct answer presents part of the solution.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

  • A. Onboard Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) Identity Protection.
  • B. Create an Azure Storage account.
  • C. Implement Azure Advisor recommendations.
  • D. Create an Azure Log Analytics workspace.
  • E. Upgrade the pricing tier of Security Center to Standard.


Answer : BD

Explanation:
D: You need write permission in the workspace that you select to store your custom alert.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-custom-alert

You have an Azure subscription named Sub1 that contains an Azure Log Analytics workspace named LAW1.
You have 100 on-premises servers that run Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2016. The servers connect to LAW1. LAW1 is configured to collect security-related performance counters from the connected servers.
You need to configure alerts based on the data collected by LAW1. The solution must meet the following requirements:
-> Alert rules must support dimensions.
-> The time it takes to generate an alert must be minimized.
-> Alert notifications must be generated only once when the alert is generated and once when the alert is resolved.
Which signal type should you use when you create the alert rules?

  • A. Log
  • B. Log (Saved Query)
  • C. Metric
  • D. Activity Log


Answer : C

Explanation:
Metric alerts in Azure Monitor provide a way to get notified when one of your metrics cross a threshold. Metric alerts work on a range of multi-dimensional platform metrics, custom metrics, Application Insights standard and custom metrics.
Note: Signals are emitted by the target resource and can be of several types. Metric, Activity log, Application Insights, and Log.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/platform/alerts-metric

DRAG DROP -
You have an Azure subscription that contains 100 virtual machines. Azure Diagnostics is enabled on all the virtual machines.
You are planning the monitoring of Azure services in the subscription.
You need to retrieve the following details:
-> Identify the user who deleted a virtual machine three weeks ago.
-> Query the security events of a virtual machine that runs Windows Server 2016.
What should you use in Azure Monitor? To answer, drag the appropriate configuration settings to the correct details. Each configuration setting may be used once, more than once, or not at all. You may need to drag the split bar between panes or scroll to view content.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Select and Place:




Answer :

Explanation:

Box1: Activity log -
Azure activity logs provide insight into the operations that were performed on resources in your subscription. Activity logs were previously known as “audit logs†or “operational logs,†because they report control-plane events for your subscriptions.
Activity logs help you determine the “what, who, and when†for write operations (that is, PUT, POST, or DELETE).

Box 2: Logs -
Log Integration collects Azure diagnostics from your Windows virtual machines, Azure activity logs, Azure Security Center alerts, and Azure resource provider logs. This integration provides a unified dashboard for all your assets, whether they're on-premises or in the cloud, so that you can aggregate, correlate, analyze, and alert for security events.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security/azure-log-audit

HOTSPOT -
You create an alert rule that has the following settings:
-> Resource: RG1
-> Condition: All Administrative operations
Actions: Action groups configured for this alert rule: ActionGroup1


-> Alert rule name: Alert1
You create an action rule that has the following settings:
-> Scope: VM1
-> Filter criteria: Resource Type = "Virtual Machines"
-> Define on this scope: Suppression
-> Suppression config: From now (always)
-> Name: ActionRule1
For each of the following statements, select Yes if the statement is true. Otherwise, select No.
Note: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:



Answer :

Explanation:
Box 1:
The scope for the action rule is set to VM1 and is set to suppress alerts indefinitely.
Box 2:
The scope for the action rule is not set to VM2.
Box 3:
Adding a tag is not an administrative operation.
References:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/platform/alerts-activity-log https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/platform/alerts-action-rules

DRAG DROP -
You have an Azure subscription named Sub1 that contains an Azure Log Analytics workspace named LAW1.
You have 500 Azure virtual machines that run Windows Server 2016 and are enrolled in LAW1.
You plan to add the System Update Assessment solution to LAW1.
You need to ensure that System Update Assessment-related logs are uploaded to LAW1 from 100 of the virtual machines only.
Which three actions should you perform in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of actions to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.
Select and Place:




Answer :

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/insights/solution-targeting

You have an Azure subscription named Sub1 that contains the virtual machines shown in the following table.


You need to ensure that the virtual machines in RG1 have the Remote Desktop port closed until an authorized user requests access.
What should you configure?

  • A. Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) Privileged Identity Management (PIM)
  • B. an application security group
  • C. Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) conditional access
  • D. just in time (JIT) VM access


Answer : D

Explanation:
Just-in-time (JIT) virtual machine (VM) access can be used to lock down inbound traffic to your Azure VMs, reducing exposure to attacks while providing easy access to connect to VMs when needed.
Note: When just-in-time is enabled, Security Center locks down inbound traffic to your Azure VMs by creating an NSG rule. You select the ports on the VM to which inbound traffic will be locked down. These ports are controlled by the just-in-time solution.
When a user requests access to a VM, Security Center checks that the user has Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) permissions that permit them to successfully request access to a VM. If the request is approved, Security Center automatically configures the Network Security Groups (NSGs) and Azure Firewall to allow inbound traffic to the selected ports and requested source IP addresses or ranges, for the amount of time that was specified. After the time has expired, Security
Center restores the NSGs to their previous states. Those connections that are already established are not being interrupted, however.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-just-in-time

You have 10 virtual machines on a single subnet that has a single network security group (NSG).
You need to log the network traffic to an Azure Storage account.
Which two actions should you perform? Each correct answer presents part of the solution.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

  • A. Install the Network Performance Monitor solution.
  • B. Enable Azure Network Watcher.
  • C. Enable diagnostic logging for the NSG.
  • D. Enable NSG flow logs.
  • E. Create an Azure Log Analytics workspace.


Answer : BD

Explanation:
A network security group (NSG) enables you to filter inbound traffic to, and outbound traffic from, a virtual machine (VM). You can log network traffic that flows through an NSG with Network Watcher's NSG flow log capability. Steps include:
-> Create a VM with a network security group
-> Enable Network Watcher and register the Microsoft.Insights provider
-> Enable a traffic flow log for an NSG, using Network Watcher's NSG flow log capability
-> Download logged data
-> View logged data
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/network-watcher/network-watcher-nsg-flow-logging-portal

You have an Azure subscription that contains the virtual machines shown in the following table.


From Azure Security Center, you turn on Auto Provisioning.
You deploy the virtual machines shown in the following table.

On which virtual machines is the Log Analytics agent installed?

  • A. VM3 only
  • B. VM1 and VM3 only
  • C. VM3 and VM4 only
  • D. VM1, VM2, VM3, and VM4


Answer : D

Explanation:
When automatic provisioning is On, Security Center provisions the Log Analytics Agent on all supported Azure VMs and any new ones that are created.
Supported Operating systems include: Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (x86/x64), 16.04 LTS (x86/x64), and 18.04 LTS (x64) and Windows Server 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2,
2016, version 1709 and 1803
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-enable-data-collection

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Total 97 questions